For most of its history, the territory of modern-day Kazakhstan has been inhabited by nomadic tribes. By the 16th century, the Kazakhs emerged as a distinct group, divided into three Jüz. The Russians began advancing into the Kazakh steppe in the 18th century, and by the mid-19th century all of Kazakhstan was part of the Russian Empire.
Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, and subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was reorganized several times before becoming the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936, a part of the USSR.
Kazakhstan declared itself an independent country on December 16, 1991, the last Soviet republic to do so. Its communist-era
leader, Nursultan Nazarbayev
, became the country's first president, a position he retains today. President Nazarbayev maintains strict control over
the country's politics
. Since independence, Kazakhstan has pursued a balanced foreign policy
and worked to develop its economy
, especially its hydrocarbon
Teacher Recruitment Information
research-to-practice conference "Secondary Education Curriculum: traditions and changes" aims to:
- Understand new trends in the curriculum development and identify areas for improvement to meet the
challenges of our time;
opinions and experiences on issues and areas for improvement of
the "Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools" curriculum;
- Bring together key stakeholders in order to identify
further ways of improvement of state schools’ curriculum;
- Establish a dialogue between teachers, scientists, general public and international
experts on the issue of adapting and transmitting best international
practice as well as the experience of Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools to state schools.
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“The cold war was over. It seemed an almost casual resolution
to a sequence of stunning events: 10
years in Poland, 10 months in Hungary, 10 weeks in East Germany, 10 days in Czechoslovakia.
The power of people in one place accelerating the pace of change
in the next. The Soviet Union itself yet to come.
China still to come...... Peter Jennings (1990)
The Soviet Union
Now - Another wave? Arab Spring?
Was the first
wave the US and then France? Ireland?